Why was Louis Philippe known as the king of the French?
King of the French (1830–1848) As a consequence, because the chamber was aware of Louis Philippe’s liberal policies and of his popularity with the masses, they proclaimed Louis Philippe as the new French king, displacing the senior branch of the House of Bourbon.
What was Louis Philippe known for?
Louis-Philippe, also called (1793–1830) Louis-Philippe, duc d’Orléans, byname Citizen King, French Roi Citoyen, (born October 6, 1773, Paris, France—died August 26, 1850, Claremont, Surrey, England), king of the French from 1830 to 1848; having based his rule on the support of the upper bourgeoisie, he ultimately fell …
What did Duc d’Orleans do?
He actively supported the Revolution of 1789, and was a strong advocate for the elimination of the present absolute monarchy in favor of a constitutional monarchy. Louis Philippe voted for the death of Louis XVI; however, he was himself guillotined in 1793 during the Reign of Terror.
What happened to Louis Philippe of France?
After his abdication, France set up its Second Republic, while Louis-Philippe spent the remainder of his life in England. He was 76 years old when he died on August 26, 1850, in Claremont, Surrey.
Why did Louis Philippe flee the country?
As economic conditions worsened in France, Philippe was forced to give up his crown after the outbreak of the French Revolution of 1848. Food shortages and widespread, unemployment brought the population of Paris out on the roads. Barricades were erected and Louis Philippe was forced to flee.
Was The Man in the Iron Mask real?
The anonymous prisoner has since inspired countless stories and legends—writings by Voltaire and Alexandre Dumas helped popularized the myth that his mask was made of iron—yet most historians agree that he existed.
Was king Louis a twin?
According to his version, The Man in the Iron Mask was actually Louis XIV’s identical twin brother who had been born first – and was therefore first in line to the throne. Louis had him imprisoned because he jeopardised his legitimacy as King.
Where did Louis Philippe flee to in 1848?
Louis-Philippe himself was forced to abdicate in 1848 and lived in exile at Claremont House, Esher, in England, until he died in 1850. He was the last King to rule France.
Who was King Louis Philippe?
Louis Philippe I was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
Who was King Louis-Philippe d’Orléans?
Louis-Philippe d’Orléans was born on October 6, 1773, in Paris, France. He lived in exile for most of the French Revolution, only returning to France after Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated. Following the July Revolution, Louis-Philippe became the country’s “citizen king” in 1830.
Where did Louis Philippe live in France?
Louis Philippe was born in the Palais Royal, the residence of the Orléans family in Paris, to Louis Philippe, Duke of Chartres (who would become Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, upon the death of his father Louis Philippe I), and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon.
Why did Louis Philippe change his name to Philippe?
In 1792, during the Revolution, Louis Philippe changed his name to Philippe Égalité. He was a cousin of King Louis XVI and one of the wealthiest men in France. He actively supported the Revolution of 1789, and was a strong advocate for the elimination of the present absolute monarchy in favor of a constitutional monarchy.