Who were the African American Exodusters?

Exodusters was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of black people following the Civil War.

What was the role of black Exodusters?

Exodusters were African Americans who fled North Carolina because of economic and political grievances after the Reconstruction era.

Why did African American Exodusters migrate west?

Thousands of African-Americans made their way to Kansas and other Western states after Reconstruction. The Homestead Act and other liberal land laws offered blacks (in theory) the opportunity to escape the racism and oppression of the post-war South and become owners of their own tracts of private farmland.

Why is Exodusters important?

The Exodus of 1879 was the first mass migration of African Americans from the South after the Civil War. These migrants, most of them former slaves, became known as exodusters, a name which took inspiration from the biblical Exodus, during which Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt and into the Promised Land.

How did the Exodusters get their name?

Large numbers of blacks came between 1879 and 1881. These people were called Exodusters. The name comes from the exodus from Egypt during Biblical times. Most Exodusters arrived by steamboats landing in the river cities of Wyandotte, Atchison, and Kansas City.

Who was the leader of the Exodusters?

Benjamin “Pap” Singleton
Benjamin “Pap” Singleton (1809–1892), a former slave born in Nashville, Tennessee, became the leader of the “Exoduster Movement” of 1879, and in later years he was accorded the title “Father of the Exodus.” In the late 1860s, Singleton and his associates urged blacks to acquire farmland in Tennessee, but whites would …

Where did Exodusters get their name?

Where did the Exodusters settle?

The majority of Exodusters settled in Kansas, but many settled in what would become Oklahoma, Colorado, Ohio, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Arizona, and Montana. More than 6,000 Exodusters had arrived in Kansas in the spring of 1879 alone.

Who were the Exodusters and why did they leave the South?

Beginning in the mid-1870s, as Northern support for Radical Reconstruction retreated, thousands of African Americans chose to leave the South in the hope of finding equality on the western frontier.

Why did Exodusters move to Kansas?

Singleton, a former slave from Tennessee who had escaped to the north, returned to Tennessee after the Civil War with the dream of helping his fellow former slaves to improve their lives. Singleton encouraged his people to move to Kansas where they would be able to purchase land and establish a better life.

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