What is the significance of Macaulay The minute 1835?
On 2 February 1835, British historian and politician Thomas Babington Macaulay presented his ‘Minute on Indian Education’ that sought to establish the need to impart English education to Indian ‘natives’. This minute is a very important document for UPSC history.
What is Macaulay history?
Macaulay served as the Secretary at War between 1839 and 1841, and as the Paymaster-General between 1846 and 1848. He played a major role in the introduction of English and western concepts to education in India, and published his argument on the subject in the “Macaulay’s Minute” in 1835.
What was the contribution of Macaulay?
On this day in 1835, Lord Macaulay successfully westernised education in India; English was made the official language for the government and courts, and was adopted as the official medium of instruction.
Who established Macaulay’s minute in 1835?
politician Thomas Babington Macaulay
On February 2, 1835, British historian and politician Thomas Babington Macaulay presented his ‘Minute on Indian Education,’ which sought to establish the need for Indian ‘natives’ to receive an English education.
What did Lord Macaulay suggest in 1835?
An Englishman Macaulay suggested that the medium of instructions for Indians should be English language.
Who appointed Lord Macaulay?
Lord Macaulay was appointed as the fourth ordinary Member and was entitled to participate in the meetings of the Governor General in Council for making of laws. In 1835, Lord Macaulay was appointed as Chairman of the First Law Commission. Sir James Stephen was appointed as a Law Member in place of Lord Macaulay.
How did Macaulay see India?
He supported the replacement of Persian by English as the official language, the use of English as the medium of instruction in all schools, and the training of English-speaking Indians as teachers.
Who is father of Indian education?
Answer: Thomas Babington Macaulay is known as the father of Indian Education.
How did Thomas Macaulay see India?
Macaulay thought that India was an uncivilised country that needed to be civilised. They emphasised the need to teach the English language and felt that knowledge of English would allow Indians to read some of the finest literature the world had produced.
What are the main recommendations of Macaulay’s minute?
His famous proposal of promoting the English language is called the Macaulay Minute.In 1835 he suggested English should be taught in place to Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian in colonial schools in India. Lord Macaulay is known to introduce British education system in India .
What were the main features of Lord Macaulay’s recommendations?
English should be used as the medium of instruction in schools of India . Science and Western literature should be taught in Indian schools to Indians. Primary education was must for the people for better understanding .
Who introduced English education in India?
The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India, gave effect to a decision in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, to reallocate funds it was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.
What did Thomas Macaulay do?
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October 1800 – 28 December 1859) was a British historian and Whig politician. He is considered primarily responsible for introducing the Western education system in India.
When did William Macaulay write his history of England?
In 1839, a year after his return, as a now well off man, to England, Macaulay resumed his political career and was elected to Parliament to represent an Edinburgh constituency. It was in this same year that Macaulay began to write his History of England.
When was Macaulay called to bar?
Macaulay was called to the bar in 1826, and joined the northern circuit. He practiced little, preferring to follow literary pursuits and politics spending many hours watching the proceedings of the house of commons from the public gallery.
Did Macaulay have it exactly right?
In 1974 J. P. Kenyon stated that: “As is often the case, Macaulay had it exactly right.” W. A. Speck wrote in 1980, that a reason Macaulay’s History of England “still commands respect is that it was based upon a prodigious amount of research”.