What is the glomerular disease?
Glomerular disease is a disorder of the kidneys, in which the normal functioning of the kidneys is disturbed and the chemical balance is not maintained in your blood and urine. Healthy kidneys flush out toxins and waste materials in the urine and retain red blood corpuscles and proteins in the blood itself.
What are the types of glomerular disease?
The two basic types of glomerular disease include nephritic and nephrotic, but, with some diseases, the two types can overlap. (See “Glomerular disease: Evaluation and differential diagnosis in adults”.) Nephritic — The key feature of nephritic disease (“glomerulonephritis”) is blood in the urine (hematuria).
What causes glomerular disease?
Glomerular disease may be caused by an infection or a drug that is harmful to your kidneys. In other cases, it may be caused by a disease that affects the entire body, like diabetes or lupus. Many different diseases can cause swelling (inflammation) or scarring (sclerosis) of the glomerulus.
Is glomerular disease and glomerulonephritis the same?
What is glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is also called glomerular disease. It is a type of kidney disease caused by damage to your glomeruli due to overactivation of your immune system. This damage means the glomeruli cannot do their job to remove waste and fluid like they should.
What is secondary glomerular disease?
Introduction. Secondary glomerulonephritis (GN) is a broad term used to describe glomerular disease associated with an identifiable underlying or systemic cause, whereas primary GN generally refers to localized or intrinsic renal pathology that drives glomerular injury.
What are the symptoms of glomerular disease?
Glomerular diseases affect the filtering units of your kidney, the glomeruli. Symptoms include foamy urine, pink urine, high blood pressure and swelling in your face, hands, ankles or feet. Many diseases can cause glomerular disease. The leading cause is diabetic nephropathy.
What affects GFR?
The normal range for GFR depends on your age, weight, r and muscle mass. In most healthy people, the normal GFR is 90 or higher….Here are typical ranges:
- A GFR above 60 is considered normal.
- A GFR below 60 may mean you have kidney disease.
- A GFR of 15 or below means your kidneys could be failing.
What is GRF test?
A glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a blood test that checks how well your kidneys are working. Your kidneys have tiny filters called glomeruli. These filters help remove waste and excess fluid from the blood. A GFR test estimates how much blood passes through these filters each minute.
Is glomerular disease curable?
If the underlying cause of nephrosis is a kidney disease, it can’t be cured. The glomeruli in the kidneys can’t function properly, resulting in the buildup of wastes and water in the blood. Kidney failure occurs. Treatment, as failure worsens, is dialysis or kidney transplant.
What causes GFR to decrease?
Glomerular filtration rate is a measure of functional renal mass. Reductions in GFR can occur with primary renal disease, decreased renal perfusion, or obstructive renal disease.