What is a Cystourethrography used for?

A voiding cystourethrogram, or VCUG, is a study used to look at bladder and urethral abnormalities and to determine if you have ureteral reflux. Ureteral reflux means urine in the bladder is flowing back into the ureters (the tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder). This can result in kidney infections.

How is Cystourethrography done?

A cystourethrogram is an X-ray test that takes pictures of your bladder and urethra while your bladder is full and while you are urinating. A thin flexible tube (urinary catheter) is inserted through your urethra into your bladder.

What are the common indications for Cystourethrography?


  • urinary tract infection.
  • dysuria.
  • dysfunctional voiding.
  • hydronephrosis and/or hydroureter.
  • bladder outlet obstruction.
  • hematuria.
  • trauma.
  • urinary incontinence.

What is the surgical procedure to correct a prolapsed kidney?

The most common surgical procedure used for the treatment of hydronephrosis is pyeloplasty. Pyeloplasty repairs the most common type of blockage, that is, the blockage at the point where the kidney joins the ureter (ureteropelvic junction blockage).

How long after a catheter is removed should a patient void?

Deflate the catheter balloon and remove the catheter from the bladder. Record the time that the catheter was removed and the time the patient is due to void (approximately 6 hours). 5. If the patient has not voided within 5 hours, assist the patient to try to void.

What is incontinence surgery?

Sling surgery is the most common surgery doctors use to treat urinary stress incontinence. That’s when certain movements or actions, like coughing, sneezing, or lifting, put pressure on your bladder and make you pee a little. The surgeon creates a “sling” out of mesh or human tissue.

What is the treatment for neurogenic bladder?

Drugs: Medications that treat neurogenic bladder include oxybutynin, tolterodine, mirabegron, solifenacin succinate and others. Injections of botulinum A toxin (Botox®): Your healthcare provider injects botulinum A toxin into your bladder or urinary sphincters.