What is a case finding study?

We report the methodology and implementation of the case-finding study, a novel cognitive research study recruitment strategy that used self-referral from a local older community-dwelling population with persistent cognitive concerns as a means to engage potential participants at early stages on the spectrum of …

What is an example of case finding?

Descriptions of case-finding “A systematic or opportunistic process that identifies individuals (e.g., people with COPD) from a larger population for a specific purpose, for example, Flu vaccination”.

What is a case finding strategy?

Case finding strategies: passive and active Passive Case Finding (PCF): is defined as diagnosis of TB at health facilities among individuals who are aware of their symptoms and present for evaluation of the same on their own.

Why is case finding important?

Why is case finding important? Case finding is important because in outbreak settings, the cases re- ported to the health department may represent only a small portion of the total number of outbreak-related cases that exist.

What is opportunistic case finding?

Opportunistic screening is a process by which eligible individuals are able to access a screening test, without the presence of a formal register where invitations are sent to the eligible population.

What does active case finding mean?

Active case-finding encompasses a wide range of activities that range in intensity from health promotion campaigns and community mobilisation, through to systematic identification and offering screening and diagnosis to entire populations.

How do you investigate an outbreak?

  2. Verify the diagnosis and confirm the outbreak.
  3. Define a case and conduct case finding.
  4. Tabulate and orient data: time, place, person.
  5. Take immediate control measures.
  6. Formulate and test hypothesis.
  7. Plan and execute additional studies.
  8. Implement and evaluate control measures.

What’s the difference between screening and testing?

The purpose is to identify at-risk individuals and offer them screening and treatment if necessary….Differences between screening and diagnostic tests and case finding.

Screening tests Diagnostic tests
Positive result Essentially indicates suspicion of disease (often used in combination with other risk factors) that warrants confirmation Result provides a definite diagnosis

What are the 4 types of screening?

There now appear to be four main aims of screening, although seven terms are used to describe them: case-finding, mass screening, multiphasic screening, opportunistic screening, periodical health examination, prescriptive screening, and targeted screening.

What are the four concepts of screening?

Understanding the differences among four key measures of evaluation for tests (sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value) are necessary for proper utilization of screening tests.

What is active and passive case finding?

Passive case finding is standard and consistent with the WHO-recommended Stop TB Strategy 2. Active case finding includes all methods for the identification and then treatment of those with TB who have not reported to the healthcare system of their own accord.

How to collect data in a case study?

Stamler-Goody spoke with Professor John Rappaport about two of his recent empirical studies Police Data Project’s website, an interactive online database of Chicago police misconduct complaints. Stamler-Goody: In June 2020, you won a case before

How to evaluate case studies?

Case studies can be particularly useful for understanding how different elements fit together and how different elements (implementation, context and other factors) have produced the observed impacts. There are different types of case studies, which can be used for different purposes in evaluation. The GAO (Government Accountability Office) has described six different types of

What are case studies useful for?

Provides detailed (rich qualitative) information.

  • Provides insight for further research.
  • Permitting investigation of otherwise impractical (or unethical) situations.
  • How to find a secret case within a case?

    Within a SELECT statement, the CASE expression allows for values to be replaced in the result set based on comparison values. The following example uses the CASE expression to change the display of product line categories to make them more understandable.