What causes thoracic aortic dissection?

Aortic dissection most often happens because of a tear or damage to the inner wall of the aorta. This very often occurs in the chest (thoracic) part of the artery, but it may also occur in the abdominal aorta. When a tear occurs, it creates 2 channels: One in which blood continues to travel.

Can you survive aortic dissection?

Aortic dissection is life-threatening. About 40% of patients die immediately from complete rupture and bleeding out from the aorta. The risk of dying can be as high as 1% to 3% per hour until the patient gets treatment.

How serious is an aortic dissection?

An aortic dissection is a serious condition in which a tear occurs in the inner layer of the body’s main artery (aorta). Blood rushes through the tear, causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to split (dissect). If the blood goes through the outside aortic wall, aortic dissection is often deadly.

How serious is aortic dissection surgery?

Aortic dissection is a very complicated condition. Untreated, an aortic dissection can lead to death. A dissection that involves the ascending aorta almost always requires emergency open-heart surgery to repair the vessel and prevent death.

How long does it take to recover from an aortic dissection?

You may need at least 1 month to recover from your surgery. You will be in the hospital for about the first week. You will usually be in the intensive care unit (ICU) until your vital signs are stable. You will move to the regular nursing floor to continue your recovery before you go home.

How serious is a aortic dissection?

How long is surgery for aortic dissection?

A typical open-heart procedure takes from 4 to 6 hours, in some cases up to 8 hours; patients are then maintained under general anesthesia for an additional 4 to 6 hours.

How long does aortic dissection surgery take?

How long does it take to recover from aortic dissection surgery?

You will feel more tired than usual for several weeks after surgery. You may be able to do many of your usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks. But you will probably need 2 to 3 months to fully recover. Some people find that they feel sad or more emotional than usual while they are recovering after this surgery.

What is the life expectancy of someone with aortic dissection?

Short-term and long-term survival rates after acute type A aortic dissection (TA-AAD) are unknown. Previous studies have reported survival rates between 52% and 94% at 1 year and between 45% and 88% at 5 years. What are the odds of surviving an aortic dissection?

What is the survival rate of an aortic dissection?

Type A aortic dissection (ie, originating in the ascending aorta) is a fatal condition with dismal in-hospital mortality rates of 57% without emergency surgery and 17% to 25% with emergency surgery in national and international registries despite advances in management. 3,4 The mortality rate is much lower but still significant in expert aortic

What is the prognosis of aortic dissection?

The 10‐year actuarial survival rate of patients with an aortic dissection who leave the hospital alive ranges from 30% to 60%. 20,21,22,23,26,27 The long‐term approach is based on understanding that dissection of the aorta is the epitome of systemic aortic media degeneration or defective wall structure, with the entire aorta and its branches being predisposed to dissection, aneurysm formation, and/or aortic rupture. Subsequently, management in these patients includes life time medical

What are the symptoms of an aortic dissection?

– fainting, – dizziness, or – abdominal pain radiating to the flank or back in the case of a dissection in the abdominal part of the aorta.