What are the four aspects of morality?
In discussing the application of morality, four aspects may be considered: religious moral- ity, morality and nature, individual morality, and social morality. RELIGIOUS MORALITY. Religious morality refers to a human being in relationship to a supernatural being or beings.
What is the difference between person and personhood?
Personhood is the status of being a person. In most societies today, postnatal humans are defined as persons. Likewise, certain legal entities such as corporations, sovereign states and other polities, or estates in probate are legally defined as persons.
What is the moral status of a fetus?
Mary Warren holds that a fetus has no moral status independent of its mother, but that the fetus acquires moral status at birth. 2 When asked what the instant moral significance of birth is, she replies that infants, unlike fetuses, are part of a social world.
What is Thomson’s view on abortion?
Thomson criticizes the common method of deducing a woman’s right to abort from the permissibility of a third party committing the abortion. In most instances, a woman’s right to abortion may hinge on the doctor’s willingness to perform it. If the doctor refuses, then the woman is denied her right.
What are Warren’s criteria for personhood?
A. According to philosopher Mary Anne Warren (1973), “the traits which are most central to the concept of personhood . . . are, very roughly, the following: 1. consciousness . . . and in particular the capacity to feel pain; 2. reasoning (the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems); 3.
What is the most common and recognized ethical theory?
Formal ethics was introduced by Harry J. In fact, the theorems of formal ethics could be seen as a largest common subset of most widely recognized ethical theories, in that none of its axioms (with the possible exception of rationality) is controversial among philosophers of ethics.
What are the two ethical theories?
There are two broad categories of ethical theories concerning the source of value: consquentialist and non-consequentialist. A consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on the consequences that action has.
What are the characteristics of personhood?
Here are some suggested commonly-suggested criteria:
- Rationality or logical reasoning ability.
- Self-consciousness (self-awareness)
- Use of language.
- Ability to initiate action.
- Moral agency and the ability to engage in moral judgments.