## How do you calculate recurrence relations?

A recurrence or recurrence relation defines an infinite sequence by describing how to calculate the n-th element of the sequence given the values of smaller elements, as in: T(n) = T(n/2) + n, T(0) = T(1) = 1.

## How do you solve a mathematical induction?

Outline for Mathematical Induction

1. Base Step: Verify that P(a) is true.
2. Inductive Step: Show that if P(k) is true for some integer k≥a, then P(k+1) is also true. Assume P(n) is true for an arbitrary integer, k with k≥a.
3. Conclude, by the Principle of Mathematical Induction (PMI) that P(n) is true for all integers n≥a.

How many steps are in mathematical induction?

two steps
The proof consists of two steps: The initial or base case: prove that the statement holds for 0, or 1. The induction step, inductive step, or step case: prove that for every n, if the statement holds for n, then it holds for n + 1.

### How is master method used to solve recurrence relations?

The master method is a formula for solving recurrence relations of the form: T(n) = aT(n/b) + f(n), where, n = size of input a = number of subproblems in the recursion n/b = size of each subproblem. All subproblems are assumed to have the same size.

### What are the 3 steps of induction?

Proof by Induction

• Step 1: Verify that the desired result holds for n=1.
• Step 2: Assume that the desired result holds for n=k.
• Step 3: Use the assumption from step 2 to show that the result holds for n=(k+1).
• Step 4: Summarize the results of your work.

What is f’n in master theorem?

All subproblems are assumed to have the same size. f(n) = cost of the work done outside the recursive call, which includes the cost of dividing the problem and cost of merging the solutions Here, a ≥ 1 and b > 1 are constants, and f(n) is an asymptotically positive function.

## What is Big Theta?

In simple language, Big – Theta(Θ) notation specifies asymptotic bounds (both upper and lower) for a function f(n) and provides the average time complexity of an algorithm.

## What is B in Master method?

The master method is a formula for solving recurrence relations of the form: T(n) = aT(n/b) + f(n), where, n = size of input a = number of subproblems in the recursion n/b = size of each subproblem.