How do pulmonate snails breathe?
pulmonate, (subclass Pulmonata), any of various land, freshwater, and marine snails belonging to the class Gastropoda (phylum Mollusca) that have lost their ancestral gills and breathe instead by means of a “lung”—a highly vascularized saclike modification of the mantle cavity.
What are the three main types of gastropods?
Traditionally, the three main gastropod groups are the prosobranchs (subclass Prosobranchia), the opisthobranchs (subclass Opisthobranchia), and the pulmonates (subclass Pulmonata); however, many authorities classify the pulmonates as a subgroup within subclass Opisthobranchia.
What are 2 examples of gastropods?
The marine shelled species of gastropods include species such as abalone, conches, periwinkles, whelks, and numerous other sea snails that produce seashells that are coiled in the adult stage—though in some, the coiling may not be very visible, for example in cowries.
How do gastropods eat?
Gastropods feed on very small things. Most of them scrape or brush particles from surfaces of rocks, seaweeds, animals that don’t move, and other objects. For feeding, gastropods use a radula, a hard plate that has teeth.
How do gastropods respire?
In marine and freshwater gastropods, respiration takes place as water currents pass across the gill surfaces within the mantle cavity in most species with spiral shells, across gill elements along the sides of the bodies in most limpets, or through projections from the body surface in sea slugs or other taxa with …
How do you identify a gastropod?
Basic Identification and Features What gives gastropods their signature look? Large foot, coiled shell, tentacles and the presence of torsion. Torsion is a unique characteristic where the body is twisted round in such a way that the reproductive organs, anus, gills and mantle cavity all point in a forward direction.
Do gastropods live in water?
Gastropods live both in terrestrial (land) and marine environments, although the vast majority live in the waters of the world. Gastropods have a variety of different diets. Some species, like abalones, scrape algae from rocks along the ocean floor.
What does a gastropod look like?
What do they look like? The Class Gastropoda includes snails and slugs. Most gastropods have a single, usually spirally coiled shell, but the shell is lost or reduced in some groups. Many snails have an operculum, a plate that closes the gastropod’s opening.
What respiratory organ is present in marine gastropods?
The majority of marine gastropods breathe through a single gill, supplied with oxygen by a current of water through the mantle cavity. This current is U-shaped, so that it also flushes waste products away from the anus, which is located above the animal’s head, and would otherwise cause a problem with fouling.