When did Syria start?

Since its start in 2011, the Syrian Civil War has created the largest refugee population in the world, constituting over a third of the global refugee population. In 2018 the United Nations recorded 6.7 million Syrian refugees, nearly 40 percent of Syria’s population that year.

Who founded Syria?

The modern Syrian state was established in the mid-20th century after centuries of Ottoman rule, and after a brief period as a French mandate, the newly created state represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled Syrian provinces.

Who ran Syria before Assad?

Syria (1961–present)

No. Name (Birth–Death) Elected
Ahmad al-Khatib أحمد الخطيب (1933–1982)
5 Hafez al-Assad حافظ الأسد (1930–2000) 1971 1978 1985 1991 1999
Abdul Halim Khaddam عبدالحليم خدام (1932–2020)

How did the Syrian start?

March 15th 2011, 10 years ago from today, marked the start of the Syrian war. It began with 50 peaceful protestors, calling for democratic reform. Syria has an autocratic government with the al-Assad family in power since 1963. In this world, such demonstrations were rare.

Who owned Syria?

Parts of Syria were controlled by the Neo-Sumerian Empire, Old Assyrian Empire and Babylonian Empire between the 22nd and 18th centuries BCE.

When did Syria become a country?

Syria is considered to have emerged as an independent country for the first time on 24 October 1945, upon the signing of the United Nations Charter by the Syrian government, effectively ending France’s mandate by the League of Nations to “render administrative advice and assistance to the population” of Syria, which came in effect in April 1946.

What was the original name of the Syrian Republic?

The republic was renamed as the Arab Republic of Syria in late 1961 after the December 1 constitutional referendum of that year, and was increasingly unstable until the 1963 Ba’athist coup d’état, since which the Ba’ath Party has maintained its power.

What is the history of the Syrian Civil War?

The Syrian Civil War ( Arabic: الحرب الأهلية السورية ‎, al-ḥarb al-ʾahlīyah as-sūrīyah) is an ongoing multi-sided civil war in Syria fought between the Ba’athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with domestic and foreign allies, and various domestic and foreign forces opposing both…

Who is the current ruler of Syria?

Since 1963, the Syrian Arab Republic has been ruled by the Ba’ath Party, run by the Assad family exclusively since 1970. At present, Syria is fractured between rival forces due to the Syrian Civil War . Female figurine, Syria, 5000 BCE.