What type of climate does the Boreal Shield have?
Boreal Shield Ecozone The ecozone has a strong continental climate which is char- acterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers in the west, and long, cold winters, but short, warm sum- mers in the east.
What is the climate of a boreal forest?
The climate in the boreal forest is characterized by long, very cold, dry winters and short, cool, moist summers. The boreal forest is teeming with life.
What is the climate in the Taiga Shield?
The climate is subarctic, with relatively short summers that have long daylight hours and cool temperatures, and winters that are lengthy and extremely cold.
What does the Boreal Shield look like?
The region is widely forested with white and black spruce, balsam fir and jack pine. Deciduous trees are more common in the south, with white birch, trembling aspen and balsam poplar. There are also yellow birch and sugar maple to the east. In areas of muskeg there are stands of black spruce or tamarack.
What provinces does the Boreal Shield cover?
The Boreal Shield Ecozone+ spans five provinces: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec as well as parts of Labrador.
Are there mountains in the Boreal Shield?
The Boreal Cordillera to the west is marked by mountainous terrain and the Boreal Shield to the east is rocky and hilly terrain. The surface topography varies from being nearly level to gently rolling.
Where is the boreal climate located?
boreal climate The climate associated with the boreal (taiga) forest zone of Eurasia, where it extends to 65–70°N in the west and 50°N in the east, and North America, where it extends from the fringe of the tundra southwards to 55°N in the east.
How does climate change affect boreal forests?
Of all the biomes with forests, the boreal forest is projected to experience the largest temperature shift. So far, temperatures have shifted up to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and by the end of the century temperatures could increase by 11 degrees Celsius—a lot for an ecosystem that is generally below freezing.
What provinces are in the Taiga Shield?
The Taiga Shield ecozone covers almost all of the eastern area of the Northwest Territories, a tiny corner of northeastern Alberta, a narrow strip of all northern Saskatchewan and northwestern Manitoba, as well as all some parts of southern Nunavut.
What grows in the Boreal Shield?
Some of the other plants that grow here are ericaceous shrubs, sphagnum moss, willow, alder, Labrador tea, blueberry, bog rosemary, feathermoss, cottongrass, sedges, kalmia heath, high bush cranberry, baneberry, wild sarsaparilla, bunchberry, shield fern, goldenrod, water lilies and cattails.
How many ecoregions are in Ontario?
Based on ecology, climate and topography, Ontario can be divided into four ecozones, and each is shared with other provinces and/or American states.