What should be included in a critical reflection?

When you reflect critically, you use course material (lectures, readings, discussions, etc.) to examine our biases, compare theories with current actions, search for causes and triggers, and identify problems at their core.

What is Jan fooks reflection model?

The Fook and Gardner approach to critical reflection encourages deconstruction and analysis of a personal or professional experience to understand the different assumptions, relationships and influences embedded within it and how it affects our practice.

What are some challenges of critical reflection?

We outline three major types of cultural assumptions which are challenged by critical reflection. These include assumptions regarding interpersonal communication and dialogue, professional helping and workplace cultures, and regarding knowledge, learning, research and the place of emotions.

What are the principles of critical reflection?

Critical reflection includes meta-cognition, self-awareness, and considering multiple viewpoints — features which result in reflective action.

How do you write an introduction to a critical reflection?

Your introduction should specify what you’re reflecting upon. Make sure that your thesis informs your reader about your general position, or opinion, toward your subject. State what you are analysing: a passage, a lecture, an academic article, an experience, etc…) Briefly summarize the work.

What are the theories of reflection?

Reflection theory is the idea that our knowledge reflects the ‘real world’. There are a variety of versions of reflection theory. Empiricist reflection theory was developed by John Locke who argued that we have knowledge of the world because our ideas resemble (or reflect) the objects that give rise to them.

How do you write a critical reflection in social work?

You should think about your experiences, analyse what you did, what happened, why it happened, what worked well and what did not work well, and why. You should also consider what you will do differently next time and whether there is any research that may deepen your understanding of the experience.

What are the barriers to reflection?

For reflective writing, the most commonly selected barriers were “Lack of training” (n=39, 36.8%); “Lack of time” (n=34, 32.1%)*; “Lack of knowledge” (n=33, 31.1%); “Lack of guidance” (n=30, 28.3%); and “Lack of motivation” (n=27, 25.5%).

What is a common barrier to accurate self reflection?

In the perceptual process, several barriers can be identified that inhibit the accuracy of our perception. These barriers are (1) stereotyping, (2) selective perception, and (3) perceptual defense. Each of these will be briefly considered as it relates to social perception in work situations (see (Figure)).

How do you engage in critical reflection?

The nature of critical reflection: critical reflection can be thought of as a three-step process:

  1. examining a teaching situation or experience.
  2. asking questions about the purpose, meaning, and consequences of teaching actions and events.
  3. rethinking beliefs and understandings in the light of new awareness and knowledge.

How do you improve critical reflection?

Incorporating the following characteristics into the design of your reflective activities can help make the reflective process as effective as possible.

  1. Create curiosity.
  2. Make it Continual.
  3. Connect it.
  4. Give it context.
  5. Consider your class size.
  6. Model the reflective process.
  7. Breakdown the assignment.

What is critical reflection?

Critical reflection is most simply understood as an approach to analyzing practice or experience, based on the identification of the assumptions embedded in that practice or experience. Having said that, it is acknowledged that there is wide divergence about what this actually means in practice (Ixer, 1999).

Who is Jan Fook?

Jan Fook is an internationally-renowned scholar widely recognized for her work on critical social work, practice research and critical reflection. Having published extensively in these areas, she has held professorial level positions at several different universities in Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Norway.

What are Dr Fook’s most recent books?

Dr. Fook’s most recent books include Social Work: A Critical Approach to Practice (2016, Sage, London), Researching Critical Reflection: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, edited with V. Collington, F. Ross, G. Ruch and L.West (2016, Routledge), Learning Critical Reflection: Experiences of Transformative Learning (2019, Routledge).