What is the history of agricultural extension?

The term ”Agricultural Extension” was only adopted in 1914 when the United States Federal Smith-Lever Act of 1914 formalized a nationwide cooperative federal-state-county programme and gave operational responsibility for this to the land grant colleges and Universities.

What are the 4 main elements of extension?

If statements such as those above are examined more carefully, and if the current ideas and practice of extension are considered, four main elements can be identified within the process of extension: knowledge and skills, technical advice and information, farmers’ organization, and motivation and self-confidence.

Who is the father of agriculture extension?

K. N. Singh
K. N. Singh is known as father of Extension in the Indian context. The teaching of extension education at undergraduate level started in the year 1950 at the College of Agriculture, Calcutta University….Lesson 1. HISTORY AND CONCEPT OF EXTENSION EDUCATION.

Formal Education Extension Education
5. Class attendance is compulsory. 5. Participation is voluntary.

What are the four objectives of agricultural extension?

Agricultural extension (also known as agricultural advisory services) plays a crucial role in boosting agricultural productivity, increasing food security, improving rural livelihoods, and promoting agriculture as an engine of pro-poor economic growth.

What are the types of agricultural extension?

The agricultural extension service providers who have a stake in the NAEP can be grouped in three main categories: GOs, NGOs, and private sector and agribusiness enterprises.

What is the meaning of agricultural extension?

Agricultural extension is another name for agricultural advisory services. In practical terms, extension means giving farmers – for us, smallholders in developing countries – knowledge of agronomic techniques and skills to improve their productivity, food security and livelihoods.

What is principle of agricultural extension?

Principles of agricultural extension involve the factors that guide the activities of Agricultural Extension and how decisions are taken. The principles propel extension activities and programmes which are planned to motivate the farmers to adopt the introduced technologies.

Who coined the term extension?

The word “Extension” was first time used in Britain in 1840 in the form of “University Extension” or “Extension of the University”. In 1850, William Sewell of Britain used it in his report entitled “suggestions for the extension of the university”.

HOW DID extensions start?

Congress passed the Smith-Lever Act in 1914 to establish the Cooperative Extension Service,which is a state-by-state network of educators who “extend” university knowledge to people throughout the country.

What are the principles of agricultural extension?

What are the functions of agricultural extension?

Balanced plant nutrition contributes to poverty alleviation through optimizing sustainable crop production. Spreading specific extension messages can be done through special campaigns, and capacity building aimed at dealers, advisors and groups of farmers who learn through experiments and frequent training.

Why is agricultural extension important?

Importance of agricultural extension includes increase in farmer’s level of production, information on strategic marketing and effective feedback on innovation to research/scientist.

Is Ghana’s agriculture sector really recovering?

When the Rawlings government initiated the first phase of the Economic Recovery Program (ERP) in 1984, agriculture was identified as the economic sector that could rescue Ghana from a financial ruin. Accordingly, since that time, the government has invested significant funds in the rehabilitation of agriculture.

How did Kwame Nkrumah contribute to the development of Ghana’s agriculture?

The first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah attempted to use agricultural wealth as a springboard for the country’s overall economic development, Ghanaian agricultural output has consistently fallen since the 1960s.

What is the main agriculture in Ghana?

Agriculture in Ghana. Agricultural crops, including yams, grains, cocoa, oil palms, kola nuts, and timber, form the base of agriculture in Ghana’s economy. In 2013 agriculture employed 53.6% of the total labor force in Ghana.

How can we improve the transportation of Agriculture in Ghana?

There have been recent attempts to improve the transportation of agriculture in Ghana. In 2018, a Ghanaian startup, Agrocenta, won a 500,000 investment from Seedstars World. The role of Agrocenta is to use its online platform to connect local farmers to an online market.