What is pre-colonial African education?
Education in many precolonial African states was in the form of apprenticeship, which was a form of informal education, where children and or younger members of each household mostly learned from older members of their household, and community.
What were the educational practices of the pre-colonial period?
Pre-colonial education was oral in nature and was transmitted through the peoples’ own languages. Through folklore, children learned the values of their community and to appreciate the power and beauty of their own languages. A full body of custom can be regarded as the total culture of a people.
Did Africa have schools before colonization?
As stated by Nyerere (1961) though pre-colonial Africa did not have schools in the modern sense, this did not mean that young people and children were not educated: they learnt by living and doing, which made their education essentially practical training.
Was there education in Africa before Western education?
The concept of education in Africa was not a colonial invention. Prior to European colonization and subsequent introduction of Western education, traditional educational systems existed in Africa.
What are the importance of pre-colonial education?
The study argues that pre-colonial forms of education found in operation had remerkably halped in inculcating sound morality, it was also found valid, crucial and significant to the political, social, economic, and religious life of the people of that ages.
What are the pre-colonial period?
The islands’ precolonial period, during which indigenous peoples engaged in healthy trade with various cultures and economies in the region, gave way to a long colonial period, first under Spain for over 300 years, and then under the United States, during which it came briefly under Japanese occupation in World War II.
What was the purpose of colonial education in Africa?
The Colonial Period. The first schools implanted in Africa were those of the missionaries and represented a veritable subsystem of foreign education. They aimed at training an indigenous elite, spreading the Christian religion and, in general, promoting the process of colonization.
What is the education system in Africa?
It is widely accepted that most of Africa’s education and training programs suffer from low-quality teaching and learning, as well as inequalities and exclusion at all levels. Even with a substantial increase in the number of children with access to basic education, a large number still remain out of school.
How did education start in Africa?
The first European missionaries in Africa established Christian schools in the late 15th century, but these were not widespread until the 19th century. European colonial officials established secular schools for Africans in the early 20th century.
When did education started in Africa?
When did Europeans introduce Western education to Africa?
The first western kind of schools were introduced in the Gold Coast by protestant missionaries in the beginning of the 19th century. More advanced and sophisticated secondary schools or colleges started to get introduced in 1876; higher education was established after the Second World War.
How did Africa benefit from the colonial education system?
Colonial education intended to reduce illiteracy and add skills to African people who could operate in different activities directed. Education aimed to produce African elite who could work on the side of the colonial masters.
What is impact of colonial education on Africa?
The truth is that, colonial rule did not just had negative impacts. There are areas where it really contributed positively and Africa is still enjoying some of those positive effects till today. One of those areas is the exposure to westen education. Today, Africans value and enjoy the benefits of the introduction of western education.
What are the characteristics of colonial education in Africa?
· Education was progressive as it involved development of a child mentally, physically, emotionally. The learner develops physically, mentally, emotionally, morally, and socially, powerful education must consider their development in all these aspects. · Education was functional and practical.
What are the aims of colonial education?
The ultimate goal of colonial education is this: “We must at present do our best to form a class who may be interpreters between us and the millions whom we govern; a class of persons, Indian in blood and colour, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals, and in intellect.”
What was the purpose of colonial education?
Colonial History. The American educational system began with the establishment of Congregationalist and Puritan religious schools in the 1600s.