What is IPM in crop production?

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a philosophy of agricultural crop management that looks to create a system of preventative cultural, physical, biological and chemical controls for pest, disease and nutrition challenges in crops.

What is IPM and how is it used in agriculture today?

What is IPM? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment.

What are the 5 methods of IPM?

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Tactics

  • Cultural methods. Suppress pest problems by minimizing the conditions they need to live (water, shelter, food).
  • Physical methods.
  • Genetic methods.
  • Biological methods.
  • Chemical methods.
  • Regulatory.

What is the impact of IPM on crop production?

It also contributes to increased farm productivity and food availability by reducing pre- and post-harvest crop losses. Reduces pesticide residues. IPM contributes to food and water safety, as reducing the amount of pesticides used in turn reduces residues in food, feed and fiber, and environment.

Why is IPM important in agriculture?

IPM programs have proven a track record of significantly reducing the risks and related to pesticides, while improving quality, health and welfare of the environment. Some of the benefits of an integrated approach: Promotes sound structures and healthy plants. Promotes sustainable bio-based pest management alternatives …

What are IPM methods?

Definition of IPM IPM is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties.

Does IPM help agriculture?

IPM emphasizes the growth of a healthy crop with the least possible disruption to agro ecosystems and encourages natural pest control mechanisms.” IPM is a flexible approach which makes the best use of all available technologies to manage pest problems effectively and safely.

What are the main IPM strategies?


  • Cultural control (crop rotation, use of locally adapted or pest resistant/tolerant varieties, sanitation, manipulating planting/harvest dates to avoid pests)
  • Biological control (protect, enhance or import natural enemies of pests)
  • Mechanical control (cultivation, trapping, pest exclusion)

Does IPM increase crop yield?

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. Farmers know that if you reduce harmful insects and diseases in your crops, you have a chance for a better harvest. Today, many farmers and experts praise Integrated Pest Management, or IPM.

Why is IPM focused on economic crops?

IPM emphasizes the growth of a healthy crop with the least possible disruption to agro-ecosystems and encourages natural pest control mechanisms.

What is the main objectives of IPM?

The overall goal of IPM is to reduce the environmental and health risks of pesticides within social and economic constraints.

Does Botswana need an IPM Programme for vegetables?

Although almost all farmers rely heavily on pesticides to manage vegetable pests and diseases, there is a potential for the introduction of an IPM programme for vegetable pests and diseases. Currently, there is no IPM policy in Botswana, although the Ministry of Agriculture has established a Division of Plant Protection.

Are vegetable and fruit production trends changing in Botswana?

An analysis of vegetable and fruit production trends in Botswana was carried out focussing on 1997 to 2009 cropping years. For vegetable production the results showed an increase in yield and total production from 1997 to 2009.

What do Botswana farmers know about pests and diseases?

Vegetable farmers’ knowledge and perceptions of pests, diseases and pest management practices were investigated by interviewing 112 growers in Botswana between April and June 2004. Most of the farmers grew brassicae crops, Swiss chard and tomato, and considered arthropod pest problems as the major constraint to vegetable production.

How much food products does Botswana import?

… In 2014 Botswana imported $564 million worth of food products. The national demand for vegetables in 2008/09 was estimated to be 50 000 tons comparative to local production which was only 3 100 tons. According to Botswana, fruits and vegetable production decreased by 19.5% in 2016.