What is efficient breach contract?

A breach of contract in which the breaching party finds it cheaper to pay damages than to perform under the contract. In other words, a type of contractual breach that is economically efficient, at least for the breaching party.

How can contract breach may be efficient?

An efficient breach must fit the following criteria: A valid contract must exist. Breaching the contract, by not performing the obligations defined within, must be done to the economic advantage of the breaching party. The non-breaching party must be compensated as outlined within the contract.

What is the purpose of efficient breach?

The doctrine of efficient breach recognizes that under certain circumstances it may make more economic sense to breach a contract and pay the expectation damages to the non-breaching party than to perform.

Is there any efficient breach?

In legal theory, particularly in law and economics, efficient breach is a voluntary breach of contract and payment of damages by a party who concludes that they would incur greater economic loss by performing under the contract.

What are the types of breach?

The breaches in contract normally fall into any of four categories: minor, material, fundamental (repudiatory), and anticipatory.

  • A minor breach of contract.
  • A material breach of contract.
  • A fundamental breach of contract.
  • An anticipatory breach of contract.
  • Repudiation.
  • Damages.
  • Specific performance.

What is breach and its types?

Further, a breach of contract generally falls under one of two categories: an “actual breach”—when one party refuses to fully perform the terms of the contract—or an “anticipatory breach”—when a party states in advance that they will not be delivering on the terms of the contract.

What is contract and breach of contract?

A contract case usually comes before a judge because one or both parties claim that the contract was breached. A breach of contract is a failure, without legal excuse, to perform any promise that forms all or part of the contract.

What is a form of breach of contract?

A contract can be breached in many ways but the most common form of breach of contract occurs when one party to the contract fails to perform an obligation according to the terms set out in the contract, or when a party performs incompletely or in a defective manner (positive malperformance).