What causes pincer toenail?

Pincer nails are nails that have become deformed with an increased, transverse over-curvature, with causes ranging from fungal disease or psoriasis, medications such as beta-blockers, or tumors or cysts. Most commonly, however, particularly in toenails, the causes are biomechanical or arthritic changes.

What medications causes pincer toenails?

Beta-blockers have also been reported as a suspected cause of PND due to the development of pincer nails within six months of treatment and subsequent reversal after the cessation of medication.

What causes ram horn toenails?

Onychogryphosis, also known as ram’s horn nail, is a nail disorder resulting from slow nail plate growth. It is characterised by an opaque, yellow-brown thickening of the nail plate with elongation and increased curvature [1,2].

What is a traumatic nail dystrophy?

Nail dystrophy (distortion and discoloration of normal nail-plate structure), may result from any traumatic or inflammatory process that involves the nail matrix, nail bed, or surrounding tissues.

How do I stop my toenails from getting pincer?

This case report showed that pincer nail can be treated by thinning the nail. This result suggested that nail deformities may be treated by improving the balance between automatic nail curvature force and the upward mechanical forces from the finger/toe pad.

Can you fix pincer toenails?

There is no standard treatment for pincer nail. Several treatment methods, including conservative approaches and surgical methods, are used. Surgical therapy can produce a satisfactory result in cases with severe deformity; however, that invasive approach may cause severe discomfort.

How do you fix pincer toenails?

What are dystrophic toenails?

Dystrophic nails are fingernails or toenails that are deformed, thickened or discolored. They can have various causes, ranging from toenail fungus to a skin condition.

What is hyperkeratosis toenail?

Subungual hyperkeratosis. This happens when a chalky substance builds up under your nails. The nail might become raised and tender, especially if you press on it. If this happens in your toenails, it might be uncomfortable to wear shoes because of the pressure.

Can you cure pincer toenails?

How do I stop my toenails from curving inward?

Cut each toenail to the point where it begins to curve upward. Cut the nail straight across without cutting the edges inward. It’s also important to leave the nail a little long to prevent it from growing inward. The goal is to have an even nail.

What causes a pincer nail?

Improper filing: The most glaring cause of a pincer nail is a shoddy filing. Manicurists may hurry through a sitting or they may be using a wrong technique of filing. Sometimes, if the free edge of the nail is filed in excess, the skin grows out to cover the gap. Subsequent growth of the nail pushes it deeper into the skin.

How to get rid of a pincer nail on my toe?

1 File it right. This works best when the pincer nail is still in its early stages. 2 Surgery. In some chronic cases, you may require surgical aid to remove a part of the offending nail. 3 Right shoes. Despite all these measures, a pincer nail can return if you are not careful with your footwear.

Is pincer nail deformity painful?

It often causes severe pain for patients. We perform a thorough literature review and an additional review of pertinent clinical cases, aiming to provide a comprehensive review of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical classification, differential diagnosis, and treatment of pincer nail deformity (PND).

How to tell if you have a pincer nail infection?

Symptoms of Pincer Nail 1 Inflammation. When the nail ingrowth starts pressing on the flesh under the nails, the area swells up and reddens. 2 Discomfort under the nail. Sometimes, even before the pain manifests itself, some people feel like something is stuck under the surface of the nail. 3 Disappearing edges.