What are the reforms of Firoz Shah Tughlaq?
He constructed towns like Firozabad, Hissar, Jaunpur, and Fatehabad. Firoz banned all kinds of damages and torture. He levied Jizya on the Brahmins. He established hospitals (Dar-ul-shafa), Marriage Bureau, (Diwani-i-kherat), and an Employment Bureau.
What was the contribution of Firoz Shah Tughlaq?
Firoz Shah Tughlaq worked majorly for development of infrastructure in his kingdom. He built schools, hospitals, river canals, reservoirs, rest houses among other things. He also repaired the Qutub Minar which had been damaged by an earthquake.
Which was the act of Firoz Shah Tughlaq?
However, Firoz Shah levied taxes as per the Islamic laws. He abolished Special tax on 28 items. Though, he was the first Sultan of Delhi Sultanate, who levied Zaziyah tax on non-Muslims including Brahmins. His reign was famous for the building of canals.
What were the economic and agrarian reforms of Muhammad bin Tughlaq explain?
In order to overcome financial difficulties, Muhammad bin Tughlaq increased the land revenue on the farmers of Doab (land between Ganges and Yamuna rivers). It was an excessive and arbitrary step on the farmers. A severe famine was also ravaging that region at that time. It had resulted in a serious peasant revolts.
How did Firoz Shah Tughlaq bring about the economic reforms give three points?
Answer: Firoz enhanced the scope of Jaziya and even Brahmans were not exempted from it during his region. He also imposed irrigation tax on the peasants with the approval of the Ulema. Those who used water from the state canals for irrigation, had to pay 1\10 of their produce as irrigation tax.
Who was Firoz Tughlaq what measures did he take to improve administration?
He built three hundred villages and five canals to help in expenditure of land under cultivation. Offered money for marriages of poor girls. Set up hospitals for free treatment for poor people. Built many rest houses, tombs, gardens, etc.
What was the objective to excavate the tank known as Hauz Khas?
Hauz Khas is derived from Urdu words which literally mean ‘Water Tank’ for ‘Hauz’ and ‘Royal’ for Khas. History has that a water tank was excavated during the reign of Ala-ud-din Khilji in order to meet the demand in water supply and water needs of the newly constructed ‘Siri’ Fort.
What are three reforms of Muhammad bin Tughlaq?
to buy seeds, bullocks etc. He also made arrangements for digging of wells for irrigation, but the policy failed. decision of transfer of capital to Deogiri or Devagiri which was renamed Daulatabad, and the alleged orders of the sultan ordering a mass transfer of the people from Delhi to the new capital.
What were the economic reforms of Alauddin Khilji?
Alauddin fixed the prices of food grains, cloth and other commodities, and had them enforced rigorously. Everything was set down in tariff; vegetables, fruits, sugar, old, horses, caps, shoes, combs, and needles.” No one was permitted to purchase grain from the cultivators directly.
What was Firoz Shah famous for Class 7?
Firoz Shah was famous for irrigation.
What measures did Firoz Shah Tughlaq take to improve agricultural productivity?
Why did Muhammad bin Tughlaq changed his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad and again back to Delhi?
While he retreated back to Daulatabad, Mabar and Dwarsamudra broke away from Tughluq’s control. This was followed by a revolt in Bengal. Fearing that the sultanate’s northern borders were exposed to attacks, in 1335, he decided to shift the capital back to Delhi, allowing the citizens to return to their previous city.
What are the reforms of Firoz Tughlaq?
Judicial reforms: Firoz Tughlaq was opposed to severe punishments. He ended punishments like cutting of the limbs, extracting the eyes, putting melted glass in the throat, burning alive etc. He established courts at all important places of his empire and appointed Qazis etc. to administer justice.
How did Firoz Shah Tughlaq waive the sondhar loan?
For the benefits of peasants, Firoz Shah Tughlaq waived the Sondhar loan giving by the state during the reign of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq. According to Afif, an amount of 2 cr maal (name of currency) was written off. The cultivation of superior crops was increased. Five canals were dug for the development of irrigation facilities.
What was the policy of conciliation under Firuz Shah Tughlaq?
Firuz pursued a policy of conciliation, of trying to win over the sections—nobles, administrators, soldiers, clergymen, peasants etc. which had been alienated by Muhammad bin Tughlaq for one reason or another.
Why did Firuz Shah destroyed the documents of Muhammad bin Tughlaq?
As a part of his policy of conciliation, Firuz publicly destroyed the documents on the basis of which advance of money amounting to two crore tankas had been made to officials by Muhammad bin Tughlaq in order to expand and improve cultivation in the doab, but most of which had been misappropriated.