What are the 5 movements of the thumb?

The thumb exhibits five movements, namely, abduction, adduction, flexion, extension, and opposition as shown in Figure 2. Abduction refers to the movement of the thumb moving away from the palm from its resting position. …

How many movements are in the thumb?

The muscles of the thumb are nine skeletal muscles located in the hand and forearm. The muscles allow for flexion, extension, adduction, abduction and opposition of the thumb.

Which joint is used for thumb movement?

Carpometacarpal Joint (CMC) The thumb CMC joint has the most freedom of motion. The thumb metacarpal can bend and extend the thumb, move the thumb away from and toward the hand, and spin the thumb on the trapezium. Two very important ligaments are the dorsoradial and the volar beak ligaments.

Is pronation a movement of the thumb?

Thumb opposition movement includes two elements, namely, pronation and palmar abduction [1, 11, 12]. Of these, pronation is essential for grasp and pulp pinch [13].

What is the function of the thumb?

Thumb function and purpose The thumb’s primary function is to either work with or against the other fingers to manipulate objects and perform actions such as pinching or grasping. With the rest of the hand’s digits, the thumb plays a crucial role in performing coordinated hand movements for precise tool use.

What are the wrist movements?

The wrist joint also referred to as the radiocarpal joint is a condyloid synovial joint of the distal upper limb that connects and serves as a transition point between the forearm and hand. A condyloid joint is a modified ball and socket joint that allows for flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction movements.

What is the movement of your hand?

The numerous bones, joints, and muscles in the hand produce several movements — flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, opposition, and reposition — and provide for exquisite control of the orientation of the hand and fingers in space (Figure 1).

What is special about the thumb?

What makes human hands unique? The human opposable thumb is longer, compared to finger length, than any other primate thumb. This long thumb and its ability to easily touch the other fingers allow humans to firmly grasp and manipulate objects of many different shapes.

What does flexibility of thumb mean?

As per Indian Palmistry, when your thumb can bend more and when it is more flexible, it represents that you can adapt to anyone and are flexible to any situation.

What are the 7 movements of the wrist?

Movements of the wrist include abduction, adduction, extension, and flexion. Movements of the fingers and thumb include abduction, adduction, extension, and flexion. Rotation of the thumb and little finger allows for opposition.

What movements occur at the fingers?

Normal movements of the fingers include:

  • Flexion and extension: Moving the base of fingers toward and away from the palm and moving the two parts of the fingers toward and away from the base of the fingers.
  • Adduction and abduction: Moving the fingers toward and away from the middle finger.