What are purvas and angas?

During the council, eleven scriptures called Angas were compiled and the remnant of fourteen purvas were written down in a 12th Anga. Another council was later organised in 2nd-century BCE in Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Kalinga (now in Odisha) during the reign of Kharavela.

What are the 12 Angas?

12 Angas: The 12 Angas are as follows:

  • Ācāranga sūtra.
  • Sūtrakrtanga.
  • Sthānānga.
  • Samavāyānga.
  • Vyākhyāprajñapti or Bhagavati sūtra.
  • Jnātrdhārmakathāh.
  • Upāsakadaśāh.
  • Antakrddaaśāh.

What is the mother tongue of Jains?

From the 12th century, various regional languages emerged in North India: variants of Gujarati and Hindi, the two languages predominantly used by the Jains, were also resorted to by new commentators. Today modern forms of these languages are used by Jain religious teachers both in their writings and preaching.

What are angas in Jainism?

– Angas (also known as agamas) are 45 sacred Jain texts based on the tirthankara’s discourse. Hrut Jnna is a discourse delivered in a samavasarana (divine preaching hall) that consists of eleven angas and fourteen purvas. The discourse is divided into twelve angas and is documented by Ganadharas (chief disciples).

Who wrote Jain Agam?

These scriptures were written by great Acharyas (scholars) from 100 to 800 A.D. and are based on the original Agam Sutras. Two Main Texts: Shatkhand-agam. Kasay-pahud.

What is Anga Jainism?

What is the meaning of Valayapathi?

Valayapathi ( Tamil: வளையாபதி) is a fragmentary Tamil Jain epic. Tamil literary tradition places it among the five great epics of Tamil literature, alongside such works as Silappatikaram, Manimegalai, Civaka Cintamani and Kundalakesi. The first mention of the ” Aimperumkappiyam ” (lit.

When was the Valayapathi written?

Valayapathi has been dated to the early 10th century CE by Vaiyapuri Pillai, while Arunachalam has dated it to the early 9th century. Tamil literary tradition places Valayapathi among the five great epics of Tamil literature, alongside such works as Silappatikaram, Manimegalai, Civaka Cintamani and Kundalakesi.

Is there a Valayapathi chapter in the Mahabharata?

Chintamani Pulavar describes the chapter as the story of “Vaira Vanikan Valayapathi” ( Valayapathi the Diamond merchant) of the Aimperumkaappiyam (five great epics). But the text itself does not contain the word Valayapathi. Tamil scholars M. Arunachalam and Kamil Zvelebil consider this hypothesis as doubtful.

Who are the actors in the movie Valayapathi?

Valayapathi is a 1952 Indian Tamil -language film, directed and produced by T. R. Sundaram. The film stars G. Muthukrishnan, Sowkar Janaki, T. A. Jayalakshmi and K. K. Perumal. The film had musical score by S. Dakshinamurthi. The film is based on the epic Valayapathi from one of The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature.