How is Indonesia governed?
The politics of Indonesia take place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic republic whereby the President of Indonesia is both head of state and head of government and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government.
How many representatives are there for each electorate in Indonesia?
the national DPR has a total of 560 representatives from 77 multi-member electoral districts, with three to ten seats in each electoral district (depending on district population), elected from political party lists through an open-list proportional representation (PR) system.
Who owned Indonesia?
Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II.
How many ministry are there in Indonesia?
Current cabinet The present Indonesian cabinet, the Onward Indonesia Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Indonesia Maju), was sworn in on 23 October 2019. The cabinet consists of 34 ministers.
How does Indonesia choose their president?
The Original 1945 Constitution: Together with the vice president, the president is elected by the MPR with the largest number of votes. The president-elect is also required to read either an oath or a promise of office before officially becoming president.
Is voting compulsory in Indonesia?
Voting is not compulsory in Indonesia. Elections are held every five years. In its move to democracy, three national elections have been held in Indonesia (1999, 2004 and 2009). The next national election will be in 2014.
Does Indonesia have a Senate?
The Regional Representative Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD; alternatively translatable as the House of Regions or the House of Regional Representatives or the Senate of Indonesia), is one of two parliamentary chambers in Indonesia.
What is Majlis e Shoora?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In Arab culture, a Majlis-ash-Shura (Arabic: مجلس الشورى; Shura Council in English) is an advisory council or consultative council. In Islamic context, the Majlis-ash-Shura is one of two ways that a khalifa (Islamic leader) may be selected, the other way being by nomination.
What is the legislative branch of Indonesia called?
The MPR is the legislative branch of Indonesia’s political system. The MPR is composed of two houses: the DPR, which is commonly called the People’s Representative Council, and the DPD, which is called the Regional Representative Council. The DPR parliamentarians are elected through multi-member electoral districts,…
How many provinces are in the Indonesian Senate?
Like the U.S. Senate, it is representative but not proportional, and consists of four members from each of Indonesia’s 33 provinces. DPD members consider themselves the purest representation of the people’s interests because they are elected directly rather than as part of a party ticket.
How many members of the Indonesian parliament were elected?
Ten of its nineteen members elected by local councils were Indonesians, as were five of the nineteen appointed members. However, it had only advisory powers, although the governor-general had to consult it on financial matters. The body grew in size to 60 members, half of who were elected by a total of 2,228 people.
Who was the chairman and vice-chairman of the Indonesian National Congress?
Sukarno was chairman, and Hatta vice-chairman. The two proclaimed the Independence of Indonesia on 17 August.