Do cats get neonatal Isoerythrolysis?

Neonatal isoerythrolysis is an immunologic, genetic problem seen in cats, but not dogs. It may be responsible for a large proportion of fading kittens and neonatal deaths in some pedigreed catteries, where the blood type of breeding cats is unknown.

How common is neonatal Isoerythrolysis in cats?

Abstract. Although feline neonatal isoerythrolysis is rare, associated mortality rate is high. It results from mating of type B blood queens with type A or AB blood toms.

Which kittens are at risk of neonatal Isoerythrolysis?

Issues occur when Type A or AB kittens are born from a Type B queen. The colostrum from B queens contains antibodies against Type A blood, and the red blood cells (RBCs) of the kittens are quickly attacked by these anti-A antibodies.

What is neonatal Isoerythrolysis foal?

Neonatal Isoerythrolysis, NI, occurs in foals when there is an incompatibility between the foal’s and mare’s blood type. This disease can be very severe, and sometimes fatal. Thus, prevention and early detection are key. NI can occur in all breeds of horses and mules, and is seen in maiden mares.

Is Type B blood rare in cats?

There are three major feline blood groups: A, B and AB. Group A is the most common, but group B is quite common in certain pedigree breeds.

How can I help my anemic kitten?

If your cat is found to be iron deficient, you can help improve his iron count by adding iron-rich foods to her diet, in addition to cat food brands high in iron. Iron supplements can also help.

How is neonatal Isoerythrolysis treated?

Foals that develop clinical disease are treated according to their severity. In general, treatments include any combination of the following: withholding milk from the dam until the JFA is negative or the gut closes, corticosteroids, NSAIDs, antibiotics, IV fluids, oxygen, and whole blood transfusions.

How do you test for neonatal Isoerythrolysis?

Diagnosis of Neonatal Isoerythrolysis in Horses This test is done by mixing the foal’s red blood cells with colostrum from the mother to see how quickly it clots. This test is only effective the first two or three days after the foal is born, however, and a Coombs test is generally used at that point.

What causes neonatal isoerythrolysis in cats?

Clinical signs of a kitten partially affected by neonatal isoerythrolysis include the gradual dying of the ear and tail tips. Neonatal isoerythrolysis in cats is caused by incompatible blood type and alloantibodies between the mother and offspring.

What is neonatal isoerythrolysis?

Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention What is neonatal isoerythrolysis? Neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) or hemolytic icterus is a serious and life-threatening condition caused when kittens who have type A blood nurse from their mother who has type B blood during the first 24 hours of life.

What is isoerythrolysis in horses?

NEONATAL ISOERYTHROLYSIS. Neonatal isoerythrolysis is characterized by the destruction of red blood cells in the circulation of a foal by alloantibodies of the mother absorbed by the foal from the mare’s colostrum.

What causes a kitten to die after birth?

There are a variety of causes of mortality, including birth defects, poor environment, low birth weight and cannibalism by the mother or other adult cats. An additional cause of kitten illness and death is related to mother and kitten blood types and is called neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI).