Are Nunavut and Nunavik the same?

Nunavik is separated from the territory of Nunavut by Hudson Bay to the west and Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay to the north. Nunavik shares a border with the Côte-Nord region of Quebec and the Labrador region of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Ungava Peninsula forms the northern two-thirds of the region.

Is Nunavik part of Quebec?

Nunavik, the portion of land within the province of Quebec located north of the 55th parallel, covers approximately 500,000 km2 (representing more than one-third of Quebec’s territory). For approximately 4,000 years, Indigenous people have inhabited Nunavik, including Inuit who have made the region their homeland.

Who lives in Nunavik?

Aboriginal people made up 90% of the total population of Nunavik. Nunavik was home to 10,755 Inuit, 55 First Nations people, and 50 Métis Note 2 with the rest reporting more than one Aboriginal identity (20). From 2006 to 2011, the Inuit identity population in Nunavik increased by 12%.

Is Nunavik the Arctic?

Nunavik is a vast Arctic territory presently administered by the Kativik Regional Government, itself one of two regional governments of the Nord-du-Québec region. A leader in Arctic affairs, both in Canada and internationally, Québec has a unique relationship with the Inuit of Nunavik (the Nunavimmiut).

What language is spoken in Nunavik?

It is recognised as an official language in Nunavut alongside Inuinnaqtun, and both languages are known collectively as Inuktut….

ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ, inuktitut
Native to Canada, United States
Region Northwest Territories, Nunatsiavut (Newfoundland and Labrador), Nunavik (Quebec), Nunavut, Alaska

What was Nunavut called before 1999?

the Northwest Territories
The creation of Nunavut in 1999 (the region was previously part of the Northwest Territories) represented the first major change to the political map of Canada since the incorporation of Newfoundland into Confederation in 1949.

Can you drive to Nunavik?

For the 12,000 residents of Nunavik, the Inuit region that spans the northern third of Quebec, getting out of town is a major undertaking. With no roads linking the 500,000-sq. -km territory to the rest of the province, a trip south requires a plane ride, which can cost upward of $2,000.

Do they speak French in Nunavik?

The Inuit languages, or Inuktut (the generic term used in this report)—mother tongue of the majority of the population—coexist with English, the mother tongue of a minority in Nunavut, but a majority in Canada, and with French, one of the country’s official languages.

When did Nunavik become a territory?

April 1, 1999
On April 1, 1999 a new Northwest Territories was created when new boundaries were drawn in Canada’s North. Two new territories, a new NWT and Nunavut (which means “our land” in Inuktitut), were created. This change marked the first significant change to the map of Canada since Newfoundland joined Confederation in 1949.

How long is it dark in Nunavut?

The answer to that depends on where you live. In Grise Fiord, Nunavut’s most northern community, has 24 hours of daylight in June and 24 hours of darkness in December. Southern Nunavut communities have more hours of light in the winter and more hours of dark in summer.

Can people in Nunavut speak English?

Nunavut could be considered an “area of contact” between language groups. In the territory, Inuktitut and English are predominant; Inuinnaqtun and French are also present, as are Inuvialuktun and other Inuit languages.

Why did Nunavut separate from Canada?

Nunavut was situated in the Northwest Territories and was later separated due to Nunavut Land Claims Agreement that was fed out of the self-government movement started in 1971[14]. The Inuit Tapirisat of Canada was formed during the national conference of natives at Calgary in August 1971.